Соляные варницы и источники Старой Руссы в трудах отечественных ученых XVIII-XIX вв

Roy Shirocov Статьи


  • Авторы:Озерова Н.А., Широкова В.А.
  • Журнал:Вестник Академии наук Чеченской Республики
  • Том:35
  • Номер: 2
  • Год издания:2017
  • Первая страница:68
  • Последняя страница:75
  • Аннотация:Staraya Russa is the one of the oldest centers of salt production in the Northwest Russia. The brines was found there in the ancient times. The salt production was made by evaporation that’s why it needed a lot of firewood. In the XVIII century the interest in the salt sources of Staraya Russa began to grow. It became the description object in the writings of scholars who studied the nature of Russia. Prior to the beginning of the XIX century the brines used only for the salt production, but at the beginning of the XIX century it became known that the mineral waters of Staraya Russa have medicinal properties. The first studies were carried out in their chemical composition. Since then, mineral water Staraya Russa was used in water and mud therapy. Drilling of the first well began in 1819 specially for balneological purposes. In the second third of the XIX century the resort was organized in Staraya Russa. Many wells drilled in the second half of the XIX century reached confined aquifers, so these sources often have the form of fountains. At the same time salt production ceased due to the high cost of fuel, but not all their buildings were destroyed immediately. The coolers continued to exist for a long time. They helped to evaporate the brines and to clean them of impurities (gypsum). In the beginning of the XX century Staraya Russa became a popular Russian resort. Mineral springs of Staraya Russa retained their value to this day. Now Muraviev fountain is the symbol of Staraya Russa.
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