The history of construction and modern usage of Augustów Canal

Roy ShirocovКонференции, Статьи

  • Сборник: Book of abstracts of International Geographical Union Regional Conference «Geography, Culture and Society for Our Future Earth», 17–21 August 2015, Moscow, Russia
  • Серия: Thematic Session “Cultural Regionalism and Regional Identity”
  • Том: 3701
  • Тезисы
  • Год издания: 2015
  • Издательство: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta im.M.V.Lomonosova/Publishing House of Moscow State University
  • Местоположение издательства: Russian Federation
  • Первая страница: 571
  • Последняя страница: 571
  • Аннотация: Augustów canal is the artificial waterway that connected the basins of the Vistula and the Niemen rivers. That waterway is known as hydraulic engineering monument of the 19th century and nowadays it is divided between two countries – Poland and Belarus. The total length of the channel currently is about 103 km, of which 79 km are on the territory of Poland and 24 km on the territory of Belarus. The paper deals with some aspects of construction of the canal and analyzes the socio-economic causes of its transformation from navigable waterway to the unique object of tourist attraction. We focus our attention on exploration and survey of the route of the channel its engineering solutions, which were used to create the one of largest water systems in Europe. The project of canal was compiled by a General of Polish Army Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski (1792-1850). From 1824 to 1839 during the building process 29 levee, 18 locks, 14 drawbridges and 24 objects for engineering service were build. Navigation locks and sluices-regulators compensated vertical drop, which was 54 meters. The canal was built with the usage of latest engineering achievements and was kept in good condition during two centuries of its history. The paper notes the current state of the channel and its significant recreation and tourism potential.